Houliston Genealogy Online


George Baillie Houliston

Male 1833 - 1891  (57 years)


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  • Name George Baillie Houliston 
    Born 19 February 1833  Trois Rivières, St Maurice, Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Christened 7 March 1833 
    Gender Male 
    Died 23 January 1891  Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried 13 February 1891 
    Notes 
    • DOB = 19 Feb 1833 from baptism record (middle name given as Bailey)
      DOB = 19 Dec 1833 based on age 57 yrs 1 month & 4 days at DOD 23 Jan 1891

      Son of John Houliston, merchant with Three-Rivers, George Baillie Houliston followed the traces of his/her father in the business world. Although lawyer of profession, allowed with the Bar on April 6, 1857 one found it within several companies of businesses. Thus, he was joint owner of a general store with Thomas Houliston, then associated Ezékiel Hart and William McDougall under the corporate name Geo. B Houliston & Co in a company where one combined the practice of the right to broking of insurances and, a little later, banking businesses. He diversified even more his activities when, in 1879, he became member of Three Rivers Printings Co which published the Harmony and The Loop Line. In the same line, it formed a company with G.I. Barthe and Martin Honan in 1884, in order to found the newspaper the new Era. It was married in Isabella Baptist, sister of Alex and John Baptist, with whom it had 8 children. It died in 1891, at the time of a voyage in Scotland.
      [Refer reference at bottom]
      ====================================
      Refer: Le Guide (directory) de la cité et du district de Trois-Rivières, pour 1867-1868. Page 112 of 181 Pages
      admitted to bar: 6 Apr 1857
      =================================
      Note entry in UK database with death register showing parents are John H & Agnes Mercer
      ============================
      Canada 1851 census:
      Census of 1851 (Canada East, Canada West, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia) Province/Territory: Canada East (Quebec)
      District Name: St. Maurice (county)
      District Number: 26
      Sub-district Name/ Trois Rivières
      Description: town
      part 2
      Sub-district Number: 379
      Schedule: A
      Reference: Library and Archives Canada, RG31
      Microfilm Reel Number: C-1139
      pages 89/90 & 91/92
      house construction? "maison en pierre" {stone-built house}
      boutiques, magasins, auberges, tavernes {shops, stores, inns, taverns}? "magasin"
      the capital D for Elizabeth and John is under a column headed "residence si elle est hors des limites"
      47 John Houliston marchand {merchant} Scotland Presbyterian 50 Male married (resident family member)
      48 Marguerite Turnbull - Montreal Presbyterian 30 Female married (resident family member)
      49 Thomas Houliston commis {clerk} Trois Rivières Presbyterian 20 Male not married (resident family member)
      50 George B Houliston commis {clerk} Trois Rivières Presbyterian 18 Male not married (resident family member)
      1 Elizabeth Houliston Presbyterian Trois Rivières Presbyterian D 16 Female (absent family member) (attends school)
      2 John Houliston .. Trois Rivières Presbyterian D 14 Male (absent family member) (attends school)
      3 William Houliston .. Trois Rivières Presbyterian 11 Male (resident family member) (attends school)
      4 Alexander Houliston .. Trois Rivières Presbyterian 9 Male (resident family member) (attends school)
      5 Agnes Houliston .. Trois Rivières Presbyterian 7 Female (resident family member) (attends school)
      ...
      24 Ezekial Hart avocat {lawyer} Trois Rivières Catholique 33 Male
      ...
      ==================
      1871 - set up Chamber of Commerce with father-in-law and brothers-in-law
      refer details in French and translation below
      ===================================
      Canada 1881 census:
      Name Marital Status Gender Ethnic Origin Age Birthplace Occupation Religion
      George B. HOULISTON W Male Scottish 48 Quebec Advocate Presbyterian
      Agnes Mercier HOULISTON Female Scottish 20 Quebec Presbyterian
      George Baptiste HOULISTON Male Scottish 18 Quebec Presbyterian
      John HOULISTON Male Scottish 16 Quebec Not Given Presbyterian
      Isabella HOULISTON Female Scottish 14 Quebec Presbyterian
      Alexander HOULISTON Male Scottish 10 Quebec Presbyterian
      Charles HOULISTON Male Scottish 8 Quebec Presbyterian
      Thomas HOULISTON Male Scottish 3 Quebec Presbyterian
      Alice HOULISTON Female Scottish <1 Born: Sep; 7/12 Quebec Presbyterian
      Victorine LAGACE Female French 27 Quebec Servante Catholique
      Emelie CORBIN Female French 17 Quebec Servante Catholique
      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Source Information:
      Census Place Ste-Louis Ward, Trois-Rivieres, Ste-Maurice, Quebec
      Family History Library Film 1375849
      NA Film Number C-13213
      District 83
      Sub-district B
      Division 1
      Page Number 19
      Household Number 86
      ===========================
      <http://www.dcb-dbc.com/listOfSubjects/h.htm>
      The Dictionary of Canadian Biography List of Subjects
      Houliston, George Baillie (d. 1891)
      [published a 12 page book of his poems in 1889]
      ===============================================
      Death record of HOULISTON, GEORGE BAILLIE in 1891 age 60 in ST ANDREW EDIN GRO ref 685/02 0075

      Houliston, George Baillie death 1891 age 60 in St Andrew Edin Scotland GRO Ref. 685/02 0075
      ======================================
      1891 DEATHS in the District of St Andrew in the Burgh of Edinburgh
      Page 25 entry no. 75
      Name and Surname; Rank or Profession and whether Single, Married or Widowed
      George Baillie Houliston Solicitor (retired) Widower of [blank]
      When and Where Died
      1891 January Twenty third 10h A.M. 42 Hanover Street, Edinburgh usual residence Three Rivers Quebec
      Sex
      M
      Age
      About 60 years
      Name, Surname & Rank or Profession of Father
      John Houliston; Merchant (Deceased)
      Name and Maiden Surname of Mother
      Agnes Houliston M.S. Mercer (Deceased)
      Cause of Death, Duration of Disease & Medical Attendant by whom certified
      Syn… Cardiac Disease Renal Disease as cert by Alexander Edington M B C ?
      Signature & Qualification of Informant, and Residence, if not of the House in which the Death occurred
      K M Carlisle cousin 19 Dundas St
      When and Where Registered and Signature of Registrar
      1891 January 27th at Edinburgh; William Blair Assist. Registrar
      ============================================
      ===================
      http://www.biographi.ca/EN/ShowBio.asp?BioId=40292&query=houliston
      [image on file]
      HOULISTON, GEORGE BAILLIE, businessman, lawyer, and politician; b. c. 1834, probably in Trois-Rivières, Lower Canada, son of John Houliston and Agnes Mercer; m. Isabella Baptist, daughter of George Baptist*, and they had six children; d. 23 Jan. 1891 in Edinburgh.

      George Baillie Houliston’s career was not unlike that of many men in small Canadian towns of the second half of the 19th century. Although his business interests never extended far beyond Trois-Rivières, his impact upon local development was considerable. His business career began in the early 1850s. While employed in his father’s general store he served as agent for the Bank of Montreal in Trois-Rivières. On 6 April 1857 he was admitted to the bar. By 1857 he had taken over the family business in partnership with his brother Thomas and was acting as agent for several insurance companies. That same year Houliston headed an unsuccessful movement to collect $100,000 for the establishment of a locally controlled bank capable of fostering regional development.

      During the 1860s Houliston continued to display a capacity for involving himself in a variety of activities. He practised law in partnership with William McDougall, continued to represent several insurance companies, and served on the city council in 1863–64. He sat on the board of directors of the Three Rivers Gas Company and, in a futile effort to bolster the local economy, was one of the promoters behind the Compagnie de Coton des Trois-Rivières. This firm never developed beyond the promotional stage.

      In 1871 Houliston established himself as a private banker under the title of G. B. Houliston and Company. Private banks were quite common in Canada during the last quarter of the 19th century. Unlike chartered banks, they were not authorized to issue notes. Relatively free of government regulation, they could collect deposits, grant loans, and conduct business such as loans on mortgage that was prohibited to chartered banks under the terms of the Bank Act. In 1871 the financial services that Houliston provided were desperately needed in Trois-Rivières, which was served only by branches of the Quebec Bank and the Banque Nationale. It was this lack of financial institutions that had prompted the attempt in 1857 to found a local bank, and it was to lead to the incorporation in 1873 of the Three Rivers Bank by a group of local businessmen including Houliston’s father-in-law and brother-in-law, George and Alexander Baptist. Houliston was not among the promoters of this venture, obviously not interested in weakening his own banking business. Unable to attract the necessary capital, the Three Rivers Bank never opened its doors.

      During the last 20 years of his life Houliston concentrated his efforts largely on his banking activities, although in the late 1870s and the 1880s his political attachment to the Liberal party prompted him to become involved in the local press. With Alexander Baptist, Joseph Rayncer, Ezekiel Moses Hart, Louis-Joseph-Onésime Brunelle, and Henry Hart, Houliston set up the Three Rivers Printing Company to publish La Concorde (1879–84) [see Ernest Pacaud*; Henri-René-Arthur Turcotte*] and an English counterpart the Loop Line (1882–84). Unable to weather the unfavourable political situation dominated by the Conservatives under Sir John A. Macdonald in Ottawa and Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau (1879–82), Joseph-Alfred Mousseau* (1882–84), and John Jones Ross* (1884–87) in Quebec, both papers were forced to close because of financial difficulties in 1884. Two months later Houliston joined Georges-Isidore Barthe and René Barthe to resurrect an earlier Liberal newspaper, L’Ère nouvelle. Once again, financial difficulties plagued the publishers and the paper ceased publication in December 1885.

      In late January 1891, while on the first leg of a trip around the world, George Baillie Houliston died suddenly of heart failure in Edinburgh. As merchant, promoter, lawyer, local politician, and newspaper publisher, he had played an important role in the development of Trois-Rivières.

      R. E. Rudin

      ANQ-MBF, CE1-50, 1837. Arch. du séminaire de Trois-Rivières (Trois-Rivières, Qué.), 0125 (fonds G. B. Houliston). NA, RG 31, C1, 1851, 1861, 1871, Trois-Rivières. Can., Statutes, 1873, c.14. Gazette (Montreal), 26 Jan. 1891. Canada directory, 1851, 1857–58, 1864–65, 1871. Guide de la cité des Trois-Rivières ([Trois-Rivières]), 1880–81. J. Hamelin et al., La presse québécoise, 2: 58, 104–5, 292–93. Maréchal Nantel, “Les avocats admis au Barreau de 1849 à 1868,” BRH, 41 (1935): 691.
      © 2000 University of Toronto/Université Laval
      ===================================
      <http://site.rdaq.qc.ca/cgi-bin/templates/body/Frontend/DetailsFonds.cfm?ID=687&cnt=319&numeroMembre=144&NM=144>
      translation from french
      Biographical history administrative/notice Wire of John Houliston, merchant with Three-Rivers, George Baillie Houliston followed the traces of his/her father in the business world. Although lawyer of profession, allowed with the Bar on April 6, 1857 one found it within several companies of businesses. Thus, he was joint owner of a general store with Thomas Houliston, then associated Ezékiel Hart and William McDougall under the corporate name Geo. B Houliston & Co in a company where one combined the practice of the right to broking of insurances and, a little later, banking businesses. He diversified even more his activities when, in 1879, he became member of Three Rivers Printings Co which published the Harmony and The Loop Line. In the same line, it formed a company with G.I. Barthe and Martin Honan in 1884, in order to found the newspaper the new Era. It was married in Isabella Baptist, sister of Alex and John Baptist, with whom it had 8 children. It died in 1891, at the time of a voyage in Scotland.

      Sons of John Houliston, merchant to Three Rivers, George Baillie Houliston suivit the tracks of his father in the world of the matters. Although profession lawyer, admitted to the Bar April 6 1857 one the retrouva within several corporations of matters. Thus, it was co-propriétaire of a general store with Thomas Houliston, then associated with Ezékiel Hart and William McDougall under the social reason Geo. B. Houliston & Co. in a business where one allia practices it right to the courtage of assurances and, a little later, the bank matters. It diversifia again more its activities when, in 1879, it devint sociétaire of the Three Fasten Printings Co. that publia The Concord and The Loop Line. In the same line, it forma a corporation with G.I. Barthe and Martin Honan in 1884, regarding to be founded the newspaper THE new ERA. It was married to Isabella Baptist, alex sister and John Baptist, with that it eut 8 children. It décéda in 1891, at the time of a travel by Scotland. Range and contained This funds testifies to the professional life of George Baillie Houliston to the company where it was associated between 1856 and 1884. The documents of this funds are notarial acts, certificates, correspondence and other documents relating to Geo. B Houliston & Co. History of the conservation The giver of this funds is unknown. Only information that we ayions on this subject is that the payment could be made in 1983. Restrictions governing the access No restriction. Restrictions governing the reproduction If it is necessary, by respecting the laws in force. Restrictions governing the publication If it is necessary, by respecting the laws in force. Language of description French. Language of the documents French, English. Availability of an instrument of research Analytical inventory. Notes Sources complementary to the service of the Files of theSaint-Joseph Seminar of Three-Rivers: Fund of the family Hart Fn-0009, Fonds Trifluviens 19th and 20th century Dr.-0368. Dimension assigned by the center of files Fn-0125 Not accès/provenance Houliston, George Baillie, 1834-1891. Name of the center of files: <http://66.249.93.104/translate_c?hl=en&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8&langpair=fr%7Cen&u=http://site.rdaq.qc.ca/cgi-bin/templates/body/Frontend/showEtablissement.cfm%3FmembreID%3D144&prev=/language_tools>St-Joseph seminar <http://66.249.93.104/translate_c?hl=en&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8&langpair=fr%7Cen&u=http://site.rdaq.qc.ca/cgi-bin/templates/body/Frontend/showEtablissement.cfm%3FmembreID%3D144&prev=/language_tools> <http://66.249.93.104/translate_c?hl=en&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8&langpair=fr%7Cen&u=http://site.rdaq.qc.ca/cgi-bin/templates/body/Frontend/showEtablissement.cfm%3FmembreID%3D144&prev=/language_tools> Last setting-with-day: 2002-12-03 17:20:54
      ==================================================
      319. Fonds George Baillie Houliston Retour à la liste des résultats Dates: 1856-1884 Genre de documents 2,5 cm de documents textuels. Histoire administrative/notice biographique Fils de John Houliston, marchand à Trois-Rivières, George Baillie Houliston suivit les traces de son père dans le monde des affaires. Bien qu’avocat de profession, admis au Barreau le 6 avril 1857 on le retrouva au sein de plusieurs sociétés d’affaires. Ainsi, il fut co-propriétaire d’un magasin général avec Thomas Houliston, puis associé à Ezékiel Hart et William McDougall sous la raison sociale Geo. B. Houliston & Co. dans une entreprise où on allia la pratique du droit au courtage d’assurances et, un peu plus tard, les affaires bancaires. Il diversifia encore plus ses activités quand, en 1879, il devint sociétaire de la Three Rivers Printings Co. qui publia La Concorde et The Loop Line. Dans la même ligne, il forma une société avec G.I. Barthe et Martin Honan en 1884, en vue de fonder le journal L’Ère nouvelle. Il était marié à Isabella Baptist, sœur d’Alex et John Baptist, avec qui il eut 8 enfants. Il décéda en 1891, lors d’un voyage en Écosse. Portée et contenu Ce fonds témoigne de la vie professionnelle de George Baillie Houliston à l’entreprise où il était associé entre 1856 et 1884. Les documents de ce fonds sont des actes notariés, des certificats, de la correspondance et autres documents relatifs à la Geo. B. Houliston & Co. Historique de la conservation Le donateur de ce fonds est inconnu. La seule information que nous ayions à ce sujet est que le versement a pu être fait en 1983. Restrictions régissant l’accès Aucune restriction. Restrictions régissant la reproduction S’il y a lieu, en respectant les lois en vigueur. Restrictions régissant la publication S’il y a lieu, en respectant les lois en vigueur. Langue de description Français. Langue des documents Français, anglais. Disponibilité d’un instrument de recherche Inventaire analytique. Notes Sources complémentaires au service des Archives du Séminaire Saint-Joseph de Trois-Rivières : Fonds de la famille Hart FN-0009, Fonds Trifluviens 19e et 20e siècle DR-0368. Cote assigné par le centre d'archives FN-0125 Point d’accès/provenance Houliston, George Baillie, 1834-1891. Nom du centre d'archives: Séminaire St-Joseph <http://site.rdaq.qc.ca/cgi-bin/templates/body/Frontend/showEtablissement.cfm?membreID=144> Dernière mise-à-jour: 2002-12-03 17:20:54
      =======================================
      ==================
      http://trial-almost-over.unproduced-scripts.net/312.html
      surprised if the mountin ws hlf destroyed nd it my be tht

      Page 312

      QUARTIERS GENERAUX. Ott«wa, 2 Avril, 1869. ORDRE GÉNÉRAL. MILiCE DE RÉSERVE. NOMINATIONS. PROVINCE DE QUEBEC. DIVI8ION RÉGIMENTAIaE DE ST. JEAN. Njor Thomas Robert Jobson, du ci-devant ler Bataillon de Milice Inactive de St. Jean a la permission de se retirer avec le grade de Lieut¢- riant-Colonel. DIVISION IEGIMENTAIRE DE ION]2-IOENCY. Peur être Major : Joseph Fortin, Ecuyer. DIVISION REGIMENTAIRE D'IBERVILLE, Division de Com2agnle No. 7. Pour être Lieutenant : JulC Fortin, Geatilhomm% vice J. Lamoureu qui a résigné. Pour ëtrc Enseigne : Olivier Charbonneau, Gentilhomme, vice J. E. Godreau, qui a résigné. DIVISION IEGIMENTAIRE DE TROIS IIIVIÈREs. Divisio de bm3)ajnic No. 1 (La Banlieue avec le Petit Village et cette partie du Quartier St. Philippe située au sud-ouest du Ruisseau de la Commune.) Pour être Capitaine : Capitaine tlcnry G. Fearon, du ci-devant let Batailion de Milice Inactive de St. Maur:_ee. Pour être Lieutenant: Lieutenant Olive Duval, du ci-devant lcr Ba- taillon de Milice Inactive de St. Maurice. Pour être Enseigne : Enseigne Honoré Pothier, dti ci-devant let Bataillon de Milice Inactive de St. Naurice. Division de Compagnie 2V'o. 2, (Ste. Marguerite et le Township de St. Maurice.) Pour être Capitaine : Copitaine Augustin Cloutier du ci-devant ler Bataillon de Milice Inactive de St. Maurice. Pour être Lieutenant: Lieutenant Elzéar B. Aubry, du ci-devant let Bataillon de lIilice Inactive de St. Mauriee. Pour être Enseigne : Euseignc Michel Caron du ci-devant ler Batail- lon de Milice Inactive de St. Maurice. Divisio de Compagnie Vo. 3, (Quartier S. Phi- lippe, moins la partie située au sud-ouest du Ruisseau de la Commune.) Pour être Capitaine : Capitaine Ezekiel M. Hart, du ci-devant let Bataillon de 3Iilice Inactive de St. 5Iaurice. Pour être Lieutenant : Lieutenant Théophile Laru% du ci-devant let Bataillon de Milice Inactive de St. Maurice. Pour être Enseigne : Enseigne Philippe Gravel, du ci-devant let Bataillon de lIilice Inactive de St. Maurice. Division de Co.ml)agnie No. 4 (Quartier St. Louis.) Pour être Capitaine : Capitaine Auguste Larue du ci-devant let Ba- taillon de Milice Inactive de St. lIaurice. Pour être Lieutenant : Lieutenant George B. ttouliston, du ci-devant let Bataillon'de Milice Inactive de St. Mau- rite. Pour être Enseigne : Enseigne Wm. Whiteford, du ci-devant let Bataillon de 31ilice Inactive de St. Maurice. Division de Com_pagnie _N-o. 5, (Quartier Ste. Ur- sule.) Pour être Capitaine : Capitaine John U. Ritter, du ci-devant let Ba- taillon de Milice Inactive de St. Mauricc. Pour être Lieutenant : Lieutenant Gcorge .g. Gouin, du ci-devant 1er Bataillon de Milice Inactive de St. Maurice. Peur être Enseigne: Enseigne Godfroy Lassalle,.du ci-devant let Bataillon de Milice Inactive de St. Maurice. Division de Coml)agnie 2Vo. 6, (Quartier Notre- Dame.) Pour être Capitaine : Capitaine John Houliston du ci-devant let Ba- taillon de Mifice Inactive de St. Maurice.

      Page 312

      HEADQUARTERS. Ott “wa, April 2, 1869. ORDER GENERAL. Militia OF RESERVE. NOMINATIONS. PROVINCE OF QUEBEC. DIVI8ION RÉGIMENTAIaE OF ST JEAN. NR  jor Thomas Robert Jobson, of above the ler Battalion of Inactive Militia of St Jean  to the permission to withdraw itself with the rank of Lieut¢- laugh-Colonel. DIVISION I  EGIMENTAIRE OF  ION] 2  IO  ENCY. Fear being Major: Joseph Fort, Rider. REGIMENTAL DIVISION Of IBERVILLE, Division of Com2agnle No 7. To be a Lieutenant: JulC Fort, Geatilhomm% vice J. Lamoureu   which resigned. For ëtrc Sign: Olivier Charbonneau, Gentleman, vice J.E. Godreau, which resigned. DIVISION I  EGIMENTAIRE OF THREE IIIVIÈREs. Divisio   of  bm3) has  jnic No 1  (Suburbs with the Small Village and this part of the District St Philippe located at the south-west of the Brook of the Commune.) to be Capitaine: Captain tlcnry G. Fearon, of above the let Batailion de Milice Inactive of St Maur: _ee. To be a Lieutenant: Lieutenant Olive Duval, of above the lcr Ba taillon of Inactive Militia of St Maurice. To be Sign: Teach Honore Pothier, dti above let Bataillon of Inactive Militia of St Naurice. Division of Company 2V' O. 2, (co. Marguerite and Township of St Maurice.) to be a Captain: Copitaine Augustin Cloutier  of above the ler Battalion of Inactive Militia of St Maurice. To be a Lieutenant: Lieutenant Elzéar B. Aubry, of above the let Battalion of L  Iilice Inactive of St Mauriee. To be Sign: Euseignc Michel Charon  of above the ler Batail- lon of Inactive Militia of St Maurice. Divisio   of Company  Vo. 3, (District S . Phi lippe, less the part located at south-west of the Brook of the Commune.) to be a Captain: Captain Ezekiel Mr. Hart, of above the let Battalion of Inactive 3Iilice of St Maurice. To be a Lieutenant: Lieutenant Theophilus Laru% of above the let Battalion of Inactive Militia of St Maurice. To be Sign: Teach Philippe Gravel, above let Bataillon of L  Iilice Inactive of St Maurice. Division of Co.ml) agnie No 4  (District St Louis.) to be a Captain: Captain Auguste Larue  of above the let Ba taillon of Inactive Militia of St L  Iaurice. To be a Lieutenant: Lieutenant George B. Houliston, of above the let Bataillon' de Milice Inactive of St Mau- rite. To be Sign: Teach Wm. Whiteford, of above the let Battalion of Inactive 31ilice of St Maurice. Division of Com_pagnie _N-o. 5, (District co. Ur- sule.) to be a Captain: Captain John U. Ritter, of above the let Ba taillon of Inactive Militia of St Mauricc. To be a Lieutenant: Lieutenant Gcorge .g . Gouin, of above the 1st Battalion of Inactive Militia of St Maurice. Fear being Teaches: Teach Godfroy Lassalle, .du above let Bataillon of Inactive Militia of St Maurice. Division of Coml) agnie 2Vo. 6, (Notre-Dame District.) to be a Captain: Captain John Houliston  of above the let Ba taillon of Mifice Inactive of St Maurice.
      =========================================================================================
      http://www.ccdtr.com/documents/16/11382-Chambre_2.pdf

      CHAMBRE DE COMMERCE DE TROIS-RIVIÈRES
      CHAPITRE #2

      1871 : UN POINT DE RALLIEMENT

      La Chambre de commerce de Trois-Rivières est née sur l’île de la Potherie, à l’embouchure du Saint-Maurice. Enfin, c’est une façon de parler… Disons que LE BESOIN d’une Chambre de commerce va devenir évident, lorsque l’entrepreneur d’origine écossaise George Baptist inaugure une grosse scierie à cet endroit, en 1866. Il s’agit d’un «moulin à vapeur» à la fine pointe du progrès technologique.

      À l’époque, la vallée du Saint-Maurice est ouverte toute grande à l’exploitation forestière et le potentiel de développement est considérable. Seulement voilà : les infrastructures de transport sont tout à fait insuffisantes. Imaginez; Trois-Rivières n’a toujours pas de gare ni de service ferroviaire (le terminus se trouve sur la Rive-Sud, au quai de Sainte-Angèle). Quant au trafic maritime, il est contrarié par les hauts fonds et par le désordre des installations portuaires de Trois-Rivières. Chaque expéditeur devant entretenir son quai, le fronteau se retrouve inégal, irrégulier, un quai plus haut que voisin, ou plus bas, ou plus proche de la rive, ou plus loin…

      Pour régler ces problèmes, en 1871, quatorze hommes d’affaires jettent les fondements d’une première Chambre de commerce. Cinq des fondateurs font partie du puissant clan familial des Baptist, soit le père George, son fils Alexander et ses trois gendres James Dean, George Baillie Houliston et Thomas McDougall. Parmi les fondateurs, on relève seulement trois francophones. Les deux frères Balcer, des industriels, de même qu’un Canadien-français éminent, capable d’influencer le clergé, les décideurs politiques et, pourquoi pas, l’ensemble de l’opinion publique : il s’appelle Elzéar Gérin, co-propriétaire du journal Le Constitutionnel et militant conservateur qui sera bientôt élu député de Saint-Maurice.

      Le Constitutionnel se fait le porte-parole de ces «négociants, marchands et hommes d’affaires (qui) ont besoin d’un point de ralliement, d’un endroit où ils puissent se rencontrer sur terrain neutre et discuter entre eux des intérêts qui les concernent». Dans son édition du 26 avril 1871, le même journal va reproduire le procès verbal de l’assemblée de fondation de la Chambre de commerce de Trois-Rivières.

      Le groupe de George Baptist veut donc intervenir au niveau des transports, afin de stimuler les affaires. Mais ces gens-là ont une autre ambition : doter la région d’une banque destinée à financer les projets industriels. Dès 1871, George Baillie Houliston met sur pied une banque privée et, deux ans plus tard, son beau-père George Baptist demande une charte fédérale pour une institution appelée « Banque des Trois-Rivières ». Le moment est mal choisi : en 1873, le crash de la Bourse de Vienne va provoquer une dépression économique d’envergure internationale.

      Trois-Rivières accuse durement le contrecoup. Dans le port, le trafic maritime décline de façon alarmante : en 1878, seulement dix navires océaniques s’y arrêtent, contre une cinquantaine au début de la décennie. À peine formée, la jeune Chambre de commerce va disparaître, de même que le projet d’une banque régionale. George Baptist lui-même va mourir en 1875 et il reviendra à son fils Alexander de prendre la relève.

      Le fils Baptist va profiter d’un retour des choses, à fin de la décennie. C’est que le chemin de fer va finalement arriver à Trois-Rivières, pour assurer le service dans trois directions : vers Montréal, vers Québec et vers les Piles. En 1881, forte de ce nouvel outil de développement régional, la communauté d’affaires est prête à se regrouper autour d’Alexander Baptist. La Chambre de commerce peut ressusciter.
      ===============
      Translation by Babelfish:
      THE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE OF TROIS-RIVIÈRES
      CHAPTER #2
      1871: A POINT OF RALLYING

      The Chamber of Commerce of Three-Rivers was born on the island from Potherie, with the mouth of Saint-Maurice. Lastly, it is a way of speaking... Let us say that the NEED for the Chamber of Commerce will become obvious, when the contractor of Scottish origin George Baptist inaugurates a large sawmill at this place, in 1866. It acts of a "mill with vapor" with the fine point of technological progress.

      At the time, the valley of Saint-Maurice is open very large to the forestry development and the potential of development is considerable. Only here: the infrastructures of transport are completely insufficient. Imagine; Three-rivers still does not have a station nor of railway service (the terminus find on the Bank-South, with the quay of Sainte-Angèle). As for the sea traffic, it is opposed by the tops melt and by the disorder of the harbour installations of Three-Rivers. Each shipper having to maintain sound quay, the fronteau is found unequal, irregular, a quay higher than nearby, or low, or nearer to the bank, or further...

      To regulate these problems, in 1871, fourteen businessmen throw the bases of a first Chamber of trade. Five of the founders form part of the powerful family clan of Baptist, that is to say the father George, his son Alexander and his three sons-in-law James Dean, George Baillie Houliston and Thomas McDougall. Among the founders, one raises only three French-speaking people. The two Balcer brothers, of the industrialists, just as Canadian-French eminent, able to influence the clergy, the decision makers political and, why not, the whole of the opinion public: he is called Elzéar Gérin, joint owner of the newspaper the Constitutional one and preserving militant who will be elected appointed soon of Saint-Maurice.

      The Constitutional one is made the spokesman of these "traders, merchants and businessmen (which) need of a point of rallying, of a place where they can meet on neutral ground and discuss between them interests which relate to them ". In its edition of April 26, 1871, the same newspaper will reproduce the lawsuit verbal of the assembly of foundation of the Chamber of Commerce of Three-Rivers.

      The group of George Baptist wants to thus intervene on the level of transport, in order to stimulate the businesses. But these people-there have another ambition: to equip the area with a bank intended to finance the industrial projects. Since 1871, George Baillie Houliston sets up a private bank and, two years later, his father-in-law George Baptist requires a federal charter for an institution called "Bank of the Three-Rivers". The moment is badly selected: in 1873, the Vienna Stock Exchange crash landing will cause an economic depression of scale international.

      Three-rivers shows the by-effect hard. In the port, the sea traffic declines in an alarming way: in 1878, only ten oceanic ships stop there, counters around fifty at the beginning of the decade. Hardly formed, the young Chamber of Commerce will disappear, just as the project of a regional bank. George Baptist hemself will die in 1875 and it will return to his Alexander son to take the changing.

      The Baptist son will benefit from a return of the things, at end of the decade. It is that the railroad goes finally to arrive at Three-Rivers, to ensure the service in three directions: towards Montreal, Quebec and towards the Piles. In 1881, strong of this new regional development tool, the community of businesses is lend to gather around Alexander Baptist. The Chamber of Commerce can ressusciter.
      =========================================================================================
      Source: First Person: A Biography of Cairine Wilson, Canada's First Woman Senator
      By Knowles, Valerie
      (page 31)
      Phyllis married James Dean, a Quebec City merchant; the other daughters married local men: Isabella, George Baillie Houliston, a lawyer, banker and broker; Margaret, William Charles Pentland, an accountant; and Helen, Thomas McDougall, a
      =========================================================================================
    Person ID I951  Houliston Family Tree
    Last Modified 1 June 2008 

    Father John (George) Houliston,   b. 8 June 1801, Westruther, Berwick, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 December 1885  (Age 84 years) 
    Mother Agnes Mercer,   b. 22 November 1803, Mellerstain, Earlston, Berwickshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 March 1847  (Age 43 years) 
    Married 21 March 1830  Earlston, Berwick, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • check - could be another John (Mercer is mentioned in death notice of other John)

      Earlston on the end of film No.1067895, parish of Eccles marriages were noted : Howliston. John Howliston of the parish of Berwick and Agnes Mercer of this Parish gave in their names for proclamation at Earlston 21st March 1830.
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      JOHN HOWLISTON
      Male Family
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      Event(s):
      Birth:
      Christening:
      Death:
      Burial:
      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Marriages:
      Spouse: AGNES MERCER Family
      Marriage: 21 MAR 1830 Earlston, Berwick, Scotland
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      Messages:
      Extracted marriage record for locality listed in the record. The source records are usually arranged chronologically by the marriage date.
      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Source Information:
      Batch No.: Dates: Source Call No.: Type: Printout Call No.: Type:
      M117364 1820 - 1854 1067895, 0103225 Film 6902076 Film
      Sheet: 00
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    Family ID F315  Family Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family/Spouse Isabella Baptist,   b. 8 June 1841, Trechemin, Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 October 1880, Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 39 years) 
    Married 23 November 1859  Trois Rivières, St Maurice, Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Agnes Mercer (Mercier) Houliston,   b. November 1860, Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location
    +2. George Baptist Houliston,   b. August 1862, Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 March 1927, Portland, Oregon, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 64 years)
    +3. John Houliston,   b. 1864, Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 January 1913, Hennepin, MN, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 49 years)
     4. Isabella Houliston,   b. 4 June 1866, Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 February 1941, San Diego, CA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 74 years)
     5. Flora Houliston,   b. 8 August 1868
    +6. Alexander Houliston,   b. 13 July 1870, Trois Rivières, St Maurice, Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 July 1937, Manhattan, New York, NY, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 67 years)
     7. Charles Houliston,   b. 22 February 1872, Trois Rivières, St Maurice, Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 May 1926, General Hospital, St Catherines, Lincoln Co., Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 54 years)
     8. Walter Houliston,   b. 14 February 1874,   d. 2 February 1877  (Age 2 years)
     9. Mary Houliston,   b. 12 February 1876
     10. Thomas Houliston,   b. 18 March 1878, Trois Rivières, St Maurice, Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 June 1926, Cleveland, Ohio, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 48 years)
    +11. Alice Eva Houliston,   b. September 1880, Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1956, Kirkdale, Durham, Quebec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 75 years)
    Family ID F551  Family Group Sheet  |  Family Chart



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